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The Red Cross
Text REDCROSS to 90999 to make a one time $10 donation from your phone.
International Medical Corps
Text MED to 80888 to make a $10 donation from your phone.
Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Relief Fund. Provides relief and aid to victims.
Text JAPAN or QUAKE to 80888 to make a $10 donation from your phone.
Save the Children
Text JAPAN or TSUNAMI to 20222 to make a $10 donation from your phone.
Ark (Animal Refuge Kansai)
Help for animals made homeless by the earthquake and tsunami.
*An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust that creates seismic waves. The seismicity or seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency, type and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time. Earthquakes are measured with a seismometer; a device that also records is called a seismograph. The moment magnitude (or the related and mostly obsolete Richter magnitude) of an earthquake is conventionally reported, with magnitude 3 or lower earthquakes being mostly imperceptible and magnitude 7 causing serious damage over large areas. Intensity of shaking is measured on the modified Mercalli scale. The depth of the earthquake also matters: the more shallow the earthquake, the more damage to structures (all else being equal).
At the Earth’s surface, earthquakes manifest themselves by shaking and sometimes displacing the ground. When a large earthquake epicenter is located offshore, the seabed sometimes suffers sufficient displacement to cause a tsunami. The shaking in earthquakes can also trigger landslides and occasionally volcanic activity.